Community Legal Assistance Society - BC Judicial Review Self-Help Guide

Ombudsperson and RTB Complaints

The Ombudsperson is an independent office of the BC legislature, and they are responsible for making sure that government bodies treat people fairly. The Ombudsperson can conduct an independent investigation and, in some cases, can recommend that the government body fix a problem or improve its practices and procedures so that people do not experience the same unfair treatment in the future.

British Columbia’s Residential Tenancy Branch (RTB) is a government body that the Ombudsperson can investigate. Every year, the RTB makes thousands of decisions that affect the safety and security of landlords and tenants. In making these decisions, the RTB has a duty to treat its participants fairly. It must not act arbitrarily or oppressively; it cannot issue decisions based on mistakes of fact or law; and it must provide adequate and appropriate reasons for its decisions.

Situations where the Ombudsperson will not investigate

However, the Ombudsperson cannot investigate your case if you simply disagree with the outcome. If the RTB uses a fair process to reach a reasoned decision that was not in your favour, the Ombudsperson cannot recommend that the RTB change its decision. To illustrate, the following are examples of situations where a complaint will not be successful:

  • Both you and the other party had a chance to provide evidence, but the arbitrator believed the other side’s version of events.
  • An RTB staff member gave you information that was not what you wanted to hear.
  • Your arbitrator did not consider some of your evidence, but you failed to submit it.
  • During the hearing, the arbitrator asked you to wait your turn to speak.
  • The arbitrator gave reasons explaining her decision, but you disagree with them.

Because the Ombudsperson is restricted to investigating public bodies, you cannot file a complaint alleging unfairness on the part of your private landlord.

How do I know if I was not treated fairly?

Problems with fairness can arise before, during, and after your hearing before the RTB. At a basic level, fairness requires that all parties are given an opportunity to hear the case against them and to respond to that case. In practice, this means that parties are treated fairly when:

  • Information given to parties about the process is clear, accurate and accessible;
  • Parties to a dispute have a chance to give information and evidence to support their position and to know and respond to the information given by the other side;
  • Decisions are made by unbiased and impartial decision-makers;
  • The parties’ reasonable expectations regarding the procedure that will be followed in making decisions are met;
  • Decisions are made within a reasonable time;
  • Clear and adequate reasons for the decisions are given; and
  • The unsuccessful party is informed of any appeal or review procedures available.

Complaining directly to the Residential Tenancy Branch

You should try to resolve your complaint yourself before complaining to the Ombudsperson. Depending on your situation, you might complain directly to the RTB to try to resolve the matter. Complaints to the RTB may help identify areas where it needs to improve its services and procedures. For example, complaints about the clarity and accuracy of the factsheets published by the RTB have led to corrections or clarifications to information in those documents. In your complaint, clearly and concisely set out what you found to be unfair. Follow the instructions here to complain to the RTB.

You may also choose to use the other processes described on this web site, such as review consideration or applying for judicial review.

How to make a complaint

You can make a complaint by filling in this form on the BC Ombudsperson website or call the Ombudsperson’s office at 1-800-567-3247.

Please note that filing an Ombudsperson complaint is not a substitute for judicial review and does not stop your deadline for judicial review. If you want to keep the option of judicial review open, you are still responsible for meeting the deadline for filing a judicial review.


This website, or, is produced for educational purposes only. This website has information on common situations, but does not cover all possible situations. You should not rely on this website as legal advice. If you have a legal problem, you should get legal advice on your particular situation.

This website may contain inaccurate or misleading information. The law, including statutes, regulations, court rules, court practices, and court precedents can change without warning and those changes may not be reflected in this website. The Community Legal Assistance Society, its funders, its authors, its contributors, its editors, and the distributors of this website are not responsible for ensuring this website is up-to-date, ensuring the completeness or accuracy of the information contained in this website, or any form of damages or monetary loss caused by or attributed to the use of this website, including but not limited to claims based on negligence or breach of contract.

Site by the Community Legal Assistance Society. Content available under Creative Commons CC BY-NC licence. This guide is made possible by funding from the British Columbia Ministry of Justice and the Law Foundation of British Columbia. This guide was originally produced by David Mossop, Q.C.
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